for questions, contact Connie Luckner by e-mail.
This listing of property assessments is publicly available in the assessors' office in the Town of Erwin's Town Hall at 310 Town Center Road in Painted Post, NY, during normal business hours and should be verified there before used. The data to compile this list was taken directly from the magnetic media computer file maintained by the Town of Erwin. Discrepancies or other errors may be reported to the Town of Erwin.
EXEMPTION FILING DEADLINES
March 1st is the last day to file for exemptions. If you need assistance please contact the Assessor's Office at 607-936-8913 or Email Exemption Questions.
All of the New York State Property Tax assessment information you need is on this site: http://www.tax.ny.gov/research/property/default.htm
Send an Email to the Assessor's Office if you need help.
What Is the Property Tax?
The real property tax is a tax based on the value of real property. Counties, cities, towns, villages,
school districts, and special districts each raise money through the real property tax. The money funds schools,
pays for police and fire protection, maintains roads, and funds other municipal services enjoyed by residents.
What Determines the Amount of a Property Tax Bill?
The amount of a particular property's tax bill is determined by two things: the property's taxable
assessment and the tax rates of the taxing jurisdictions in which the property is located. The tax rate is
determined by the amount of the tax levy to be raised from all, or part, of an assessing unit, and the unit's
taxable assessed value. The assessment is determined by the assessor and is based on the value of the property,
less any applicable property tax exemptions.
What Kind of Property Is Assessed?
Every parcel of real property in an assessing unit, no matter how big or how small, is assessed. Real property is defined as land and any permanent structures attached to it. Examples of real property are houses, gas stations, office buildings, vacant land, shopping centers, saleable natural resources (e.g. oil, gas, timber), farms, apartments, factories, restaurants, and, in most instances, mobile homes.
Though all real property in an assessing unit is assessed, not all of it is taxable. Some, such as
religious or government-owned property are completely exempt from paying property taxes. Others are partially
exempt, such as veterans who qualify for an exemption on part of the property tax on their homes.
What Is an Assessment?
A property's assessment is a percentage of its market value. Market value is how much a property would sell for under normal conditions. Assessments are determined by the assessor, an elected or appointed local official who independently estimates the value of real property in an assessing unit. Assessing units follow municipal boundaries - county, city, town, or village.
The assessor can estimate the market value of property based on the sale prices of similar properties. A property can also be valued based on the depreciated cost of materials and labor required to replace it. Commercial property may be valued on its potential to produce rental income for its owners. In other words, the assessor can use whatever approach provides the best estimate of a property's market value.
Once the assessor estimates the value of a property, its total assessment is calculated. New York State law provides that every property be assessed at a uniform percentage of value. That percentage can be five percent, ten percent, 50 percent, or any other percentage not exceeding 100 percent. It does not matter what percentage is used. What is important is that every property is assessed at the same uniform percentage within one assessing unit.
After a property's total assessment is determined, its taxable assessed value is computed. The taxable
assessed value is the total assessment, less any applicable property tax exemptions. Exemptions are typically
either whole or partial, that is, either an exemption from paying any property tax or an exemption from paying part
of a property tax bill.
How Do I Know If My Assessment Is Right?
It is up to individual property owners to monitor their own assessments. Taxpayers should bring any questions about assessments to the assessor before the tentative roll is established (the tentative roll date is 1 May each year). In an informal setting, the assessor can explain how the assessment was determined and the rationale behind it.
Assessors are interested only in fairly assessing property in their assessing unit. If your assessment is correct and your tax bill still seems too high, the assessor cannot change that. Complaints to the assessor must be about how your property is assessed.
Informal meetings with assessors to resolve assessment questions about the next assessment roll can take
place throughout the year. If, after speaking with your assessor, you still fell you are unfairly assessed, ask for
the booklet, "How to File a Complaint on Your Assessment." It describes how to prepare and file a complaint with
the Board of Assessment Review for an assessment reduction, and indicates the time of year it can de done.
(normally the fourth Tuesday of May)
What Determines the Tax Rate?
The tax rate is determined by the amount of the tax levy. There are several steps involved in determining
the tax levy. First, the taxing jurisdiction (a school district, town, county, etc.) develops and adopts a budget.
Revenue from all sources other that the property tax (State aid, sales tax revenue, user fees, etc.) is determined.
These revenues are subtracted from the original budget and the remainder becomes the tax levy. It is the amount of
the tax levy that is raised through the property tax.
How Is My Tax Bill Figured?
Remember that the real property tax is an "ad valorem" tax, or a tax based on the value of property. Two owners of real property of equal value should pay the same amount in property taxes. Also, the owner of more valuable property should pay more in taxes than the owner of less valuable property.
The property tax differs from the income tax and the sales tax because it does not depend on how much money you earn or on how much you spend. It is based totally on how much the property you own is worth.
For example, if an assessor assesses property at 15 percent of value, a house and land with a market value of $100,000 would have an assessment of $15,000. With no exemptions, this is the house's taxable assessed value. This $15,000 is not the tax bill. The tax bill for this house depends on the municipality's tax rate.
The tax rate is determined by dividing the total amount of money that has to be raised from the property tax (the tax levy) by the taxable assessed value of taxable real property in a municipality. If, for example, a town levy is $2,000,000, and the town has taxable assessed value (the sum of the assessments of all taxable properties) of $40,000,000, the tax rate would be $50 for each $1,000 of taxable assessed value.
$2,000,000/$40,000,000 = .050 x $1,000 = $50 (tax rate)
The town tax bill for this house with an assessment of $15,000 would be $750. The $750 results from dividing the assessment of $15,000 by $1,000 to get 15 (because the tax rate is based on each $1,000 of assessed value). Then, the 15 is multiplied by the tax rate ($50 in this example) to get the tax bill of $750.
$15,000/$1,000 = 15 x $50 = $750 (tax bill)
As you can see, the size of the tax bill depends on both the assessment and the tax rate, which is based on
the tax levy.
What Else May Occur Before the Tax Rate Is Final?
There are times when tax rates cannot be set until the tax levy is apportioned, or divided, among various municipalities. Apportionment occurs if parts of a school district, or special district, exist in more than one city or town. Taxes are apportioned so that the parts of the district in the different municipalities each pay their fair share of the district tax levy.
The county tax levy also is apportioned among the towns and cities in the county. This is so that cities
and towns will each pay their fair share of the county tax levy.
What Makes My Tax Bill Change?
Tax bills increase for one or more of the following reasons: bigger budgets are adopted, revenue from sources other than the property tax shrinks, the taxable assessed value of the assessing unit changes, or the tax levy is apportioned differently.
Taxpayers unhappy with growing property tax bills should not concern themselves just with assessments. They
also should examine the scope of budgets and expenditures of the taxing jurisdictions (counties, cities, towns,
villages, school districts, etc.) and address those issues in the appropriate available forums, such as meetings of
the city council, or town, village, and school boards.
The Real Property Tax Cycle (from A Publication of the State Board of Equalization and Assessment)
Tentative Assessment Roll: The assessor completes, certifies and files a roll containing proposed assessed values for each property in the assessing unit. (1 May)
Public Notice of Tentative Roll: Assessor publishes and posts notice of completion and filing of tentative assessment roll. (May)
Change of Assessment Notices: Notices are sent to property owners who have a change in assessment or taxable status on the tentative roll. (first week of May)
Public Inspection of Tentative Roll: Period of time in which property owners may examine the assessed values on the tentative roll and discuss them with the assessor.
Grievance Day: Board of Assessment Review meets to hear assessment complaints. Last day property owners may file a formal complaint seeking reduction in their tentative assessments.
Notice of Board of Assessment Review (BAR) Decisions: Property owners are notified of the results of the review by the BAR.
Final Assessment Roll: The assessor signs and files a roll that contains the final assessments, including all changes. (1 July)
Small Claims Assessment Review: The last date by which an owner of a one, two, or three family residence may apply
for small claims assessment review of the BAR determination. This is 30 days after the filing of the final